“Intelligence” is difficult to define, and many different interpretations have been raised. IQ used to be the Golden Standard, until it was noted that a number of the questions were culturally biased. Then the tests were rewritten to test logic, math, etc., and psychologists and sociologists began protesting that including considerations for emotional intelligence provided a more accurate metric. Alternatively, in the early days of college admissions it was considered valid to consider “good breeding” and social connections, whereas today a “diverse background” is considered a valid metric by which to gauge future success. Is intelligence the ability to problem solve? To succeed in a complicated environment? Or is it something far more fundamental?
Applications of artificial intelligence include data mining, logistics, and numerous other areas in the technology industry.
This is inextricably tied to our experience of being human, and what it would really mean for a machine to act intelligent. There have been different philosophies on what true artificial intelligence would be, yet only recently has advanced AI technology begun to call legal assumptions regarding human authorship into question.
Many different definitions of intelligence have been proposed (such as being able to pass the Turing test) but there is to date no definition that satisfies everyone. However, there is wide agreement among artificial intelligence researchers that intelligence is required to do the following:
- reason, use strategy, solve puzzles, and make judgments under uncertainty;
- represent knowledge, including commonsense knowledge;
- communicate in natural language;
- and integrate all these skills towards common goals.
Other important capabilities include the ability to sense (e.g. see) and the ability to act (e.g. move and manipulate objects) in the world where intelligent behaviour is to be observed. This would include an ability to detect and respond to hazard. Some sources consider “salience” (the capacity for recognising importance) as an important trait. Salience is thought to be part of how humans evaluate novelty so are likely to be important in some degree, but not necessarily at a human level.
- From Wikipedia Strong AI.↵